Assistant Assoc. Dr. Harun Jeylan

With a decrease in the birth rate and longevity, the world's population is rapidly aging. This process, which expresses the proportional and numerical increase of old people in the whole population, is a phenomenon of "old age" and focuses on social policy.

The age of the population is the main determinant of population policy throughout the world today, including developed countries and those that faced the problem of population aging in an earlier period.

While India and China have developed a policy of controlling population growth, developed Western societies are implementing policies aimed at increasing the population against the problem of population aging. However, it can be seen that this policy is not enough; and countries that want to control the rate of population growth, and those that want to increase population growth, do not get the desired result, since social dynamics play a more decisive role than the social policy applied by the state.

What is the basis for differentiating the demographic policy of countries in this context? Is it possible to overcome the demographic aging that emerged as a social problem? What are the risks of population aging from the point of view of the future state and society? The importance of the above issues is growing steadily. This process can be regarded as a sign that the future of the state and society can not be regulated independently of the future of the population.