After their independence in 1991, the post-Soviet republics began constructing official discourses to replace the Soviet ideology with a national one.

A salient aspect of this process has been writing new histories to nationalize their past to help to construct new national identities. In this seminar, on March 11, 2021, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Yunus Emre Gürbüz spoke about the representation of the national identity in history textbooks of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in a comparative perspective.